Electrotherapy itself has many applications that can improve your pet's mobility. This modality works at many levels, affecting both the sensory and motor nerves. At the cellular level, electrotherapy causes nerve cell excitement leading to changes in the tissue level. At the tissue level, it causes muscle contractions, which at times can be physically felt. At the segmental level, it facilitates muscle-pumping action, resulting in improved joint mobility.
Our primary method of delivering electrotherapy is through NMES. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is used to rehabilitate muscles by stimulating the muscles to contract. This method is delivered to the patient via leads and flexible, low-resistance electrodes that conform to the skin. We begin at a low intensity and slowly increase to the therapeutic level as the pet's comfort with the treatment increases. As we can't explain to them the sensations they will feel like in human medicine, some pets may wiggle with the odd sensation flowing through their body and may take time to adjust. An NMES treatment generally lasts 15 to 20 minutes and the best results are achieved when used two to three times a week.
NMES can be used to help prevent muscle atrophy, increase local blood circulation, and maintain or increase joint mobility. It is particularly useful in patients with edema, delayed wound healing, or in those unable to perform voluntary movement.